Thursday, December 26, 2019

Essay about Richard Hofstadters The Age of Reform

Richard Hofstadters The Age of Reform In 1955, Richard Hofstadter wrote his Pulitzer Prize winning book The Age of Reform, about the Gilded Age. Hofstadter’s arguments about the Populist and Progressive movements and their origins started debate and renewed scholarship on the Populist and Progressive movements. Many historians did not agree with Hofstadter’s arguments and published their own papers stating their conclusions based on their own research. This scenario occurs all the time in the history field. One historian writes a book or paper and other historians accept or reject his arguments by doing their own research and making their own conclusions. Many historians wrote about the Progressive era after Hofstadter did.†¦show more content†¦He argues that for the early part of the history of the United States the culture of the nation centered on the farmer and the agrarian myth. The agrarian myth is that the independent family farmer was what drove the nation. Hofstadter states that fra mers enjoyed a certain privileged status in society. He argues that by the late 1870s this image or status was in decline and that farmers began to resent this loss of status. He asserts that the Populist movement was born out of this resentment. He explains that this resentment towards city-dwellers—those whose opinion of farming was declining—was why many Populists described the city as crime infested and disliked immigrants. He viewed populists as being hysterical, raving, and very nativist. He says that the ideas expressed by the Populists made their way to the cities where professionals latched on to them. These professionals he argued felt the pinch from immigrants and crime. These professionals became the members of the Progressive movement. He viewed progressives as more practical, less hysterical, and more patronizing. To Hofstadter the Populist and Progressive movements were borne out of a status revolution in the United States. Hofstadter presents an interesting argument to explain Populism and Progressivism. At the root of his argument is that people are more likely to feel resentment when their status is at stake rather then when their income or jobs are. This is an interestingShow MoreRelatedEssay on A Progressive Movement1538 Words   |  7 Pagesfamed historian and teacher Richard Hofstadter wrote The Age of Reform in 1955 about the late 19th century and early 20th century movement of Progressivism. In turn, other historians that include Paula Baker, Richard McCormick, and Peter Filene have written their opinion on what the movement we call Progressivism really was, and what its real significance is, or even if it really existed as a movement in its own right. Richard Hofstadter’s book The Age of Reform was written in 1955 and influencedRead MoreEssay about The Progressive Era: Conflicting Viewpoints1651 Words   |  7 Pagesimportance in history. In The Age of Reform, Richard Hofstadter reviews both the Populist and Progressive movements from a psychological standpoint. He maintains that both were groups, Populist farmers and Progressive long- established wealthy professionals, known as mugwumps, both of which formerly had had much power and influence in the United States and were being overshadowed by the growing importance of cities and the nouveau riche, respectively. Hofstadter’s main arguments are taken fromRead More Progressivism Essay1891 Words   |  8 Pagesdistinctly different. The four works, Richard Hofstadters The Age of Reform, Peter Filenes An Obituary for the Progressive Movement, Richard McCormicks The Discovery that Business Corrupts Politics, Paula Bakers The Domestication of Politics all discuss the Progressive â€Å"time period† in varying degrees of depth. The four historians all wrote after the 1950’s when the age in question was clearly over. Richard Hofstadter’s book discussed all facets of the age from the mid to late 1800’s to theRead More History Essay2625 Words   |  11 Pagesaccumulation of different theories throughout the ages by conflicting researchers. A prime example of the historical dialogue that has continued between historians of various perspectives is the study of American Progressivism that was started in 1955 by Richard Hofstadter in his controversial book entitled The Age of Reform. His theory of the Progressive Movement is explored and questioned by Peter Filene’s â€Å"An Obituary f or ‘The Progressive Movement’,† Richard McCormick’s â€Å"The Discovery that Business CorruptsRead MoreThe American Political Tradition912 Words   |  4 Pageswell-known historian at Colombia University. Richard Hofstadter was born on August 6, 1916, in Buffalo, New York. He attended both the University of Buffalo and Columbia University where he studied philosophy and history. Hofstadter was married twice and later in 1970 died from leukemia. Throughout his life Hofstadter had a lot of published works including Social Darwinism in American Thought, William Leggett, Spokesman of Jacksonian Democracy, The Age of Reform, The United States: the History of a RepublicRead MoreAnti Intellectualism By Richard Hofstadter1716 Words   |  7 Pagesassociated with them. Although Richard Hofstadter’s Anti-Intellectualism in American Life won the 1964 Pulitzer Prize, it is now almost fifty-fives out of date. Not to mention the ideas within the book are seen a s suggesting a type of self-defensive justification rather than an actual deep investigation. Hoftstader used the aftermath of McCarthyism and how there were wide range witch hunts among the academics and progressives and how that is influenced by the reform, socialists and communist movementsRead More Various Interpretations of the Progressive Era Essay2820 Words   |  12 Pagesideas appears to be a daunting task. However, the first historian to successfully define and explain the Progressive Movement was historian Richard Hofstadter. With his 1954 book Pulitzer Prize winning book, The Age of Reform, Hofstadter links the major reform movements before and after the turn of the twentieth century. Instead of citing specific reforms or leaders, Hofstadter deals with the ideas connecting Populism, Progressivism and the New Deal, while examining the differences and similaritiesRead MoreEssay about Interpreting American Progressivism2954 Words   |  12 Pagesthey often participate in an ongoing dialogue concerning their research. One of the first historians to make a major mark regarding the Progressive Era was Richard Hofstadter in his book The Age of Reform, published in 1955. Other prominent works include Peter G. Filene’s â€Å"Obituary for the Progressive Movement† , published in 1970, Richard L. McCormick’s â€Å"The Discovery that Business Corrupts Politics† , published in 1981, and Paula Baker’s â€Å"The Domestication of Politics† , published in 1984. WhileRead MoreThe American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It Essay7033 Words   |  29 PagesIn Richard Hofstadters The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It, he identifies twelve of the most influential men and the political traditions they created, including the Founding Fathers who started it all. Additionally, Hofstadter informs the reader of other significant government officials including Andrew Jackson and his democracy, the progressive, trustbuster Theodore Roosevelt, and ending with Franklin D. Roosevelt and his programs of the New Deal. Richard Hofstadters ideasRead More`` Shifting The Center : Race, Class, And Feminist Theorizing About Motherhood Essay2296 Words   |  10 PagesPatricia Hill Collins discusses the importance of looking at issues from the context of people of different racial, social, economic, and political backgrounds . She writes that â€Å"varying placement in systems of privilege, whether race, class, sexuality, or age, generate divergent experiences,† which allows to engage in â€Å"theorizing that embraces differences as an essential part of commonality.† Only when we are able to look at an issue or policy from different perspectives and contexts can we understand its

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Teen Pregnancy Essay examples - 490 Words

Teen Pregnancy Teen pregnancy, it’s one of the growing problems in today’s society. Teens today have more problems than ever, and in many cases the parents mistake signs of the problems for mere puberty phase. Beginning problem, which often trigger the others, seem to be families. Deeply religious families are most often heavily strict, and that prevents the teenagers to be informed about real life and what are they getting into. When that kind of person gets in a situation where his or her peers are more experienced then them, the outcome is a pressure. During the puberty the teenagers, especially males, are having problems with controlling their needs. It is easy to get pregnant for today’s teenagers, because they face many†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å" Fifty five percent of all teenagers either get kicked out or they leave the house on their own when they get their own child (CDC 1) â€Å". Sometimes the teenage parents are even forced to leave their own home to save the family pride. When living on their own the teenagers usually have to drop out of school and find a dead-end job to support the family. Also the peer pressure presents a great problem to a teen. The biggest issue is fitting in. To fit in with a certain group of people a person needs to do everything they do. One of the mistaken things is that everybody in the high school has sex. That’s one thing that causes uniformed teenagers to do everything to have sex, without thinking about it first. â€Å"In year nineteen ninety-six total of fifty four out of thousand high school female students were pregnant (CDC, 1)†. The pregnancy sometimes occurs even against a persons will, in a form of date rape. Alcohol, drugs, and pressure combine into biggest chance of getting pregnant. It usually happens on the parties, and it can happen to the most abstinent person. And finally, there is a little thing like the urge that makes people do things. â€Å"Forty percent of males reach the top of their sexual desire around the age of eighteen (CDC, 1).† So, when the chance comes, there is nothing else to do but to do it. Some guys also look at theShow MoreRelatedTeen Pregnancy1426 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Teen pregnancy is often unplanned and challenging for the future life of mother and child. The increase risk of health problems for both mother and baby occur during teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy impacts adolescent development in all aspects: physical, emotional, cognitive, and social development. Negative consequences result from teen pregnancy include: low income, increased school dropout rates, lower educational levels, and increased rates of substance abuse (Garwood, Gerassi, ReidRead MoreTeen Pregnancy1023 Words   |  5 PagesDoes access to condoms prevent teen pregnancy? Adolescent pregnancies remain a concern in public health worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has indicated that annually about 16 million girls between 15 and 19 give birth. Indeed, in many countries policies and programs are developed and implemented for the prevention of teen pregnancy and reduction of risks and consequences it might cause. Furthermore, that a teenager becomes pregnant poses a risk to her health, her life and the fetusRead MoreTeen Pregnancy1246 Words   |  5 PagesA topic in American society that has proved to be an ongoing, and growing issue is that none other than teen pregnancy. In recent years, teen pregnancy rates have been increasing, which ultimately led to the topics increase of public and media attention. In American society teen pregnancy is often associated with negligence, as well as being irresponsible. In American society sex education for children is underdeveloped and instead society tends to use fear and shame to highlight/combat the dangersRead MoreTeenage Pregnancy And Teen Pregnancy1546 Words   |  7 PagesTeenage pregnancy is pregnancy in human females under the age of 20 at the time that the pregnancy ends. Low-income communities have the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the United States. Because of the fact that this is a very controversial issue in the United States, it is very important that most questions be addressed. Questions like, why is a teenage girl in Mississippi four times as likely to give birth as a teenage girl in New Hampshire? Or why is the teen birth rate in Massachusetts 19Read MoreTeen Pregnancy : Teenage Pregnancy1404 Words   |  6 PagesLauryn Jones Block 5 4/27/16 What is Teen Pregnancy? Teenage pregnancy is pregnancy in human females under the age of 20. A girl can become pregnant from sexual intercourse after she has begun to ovulate which can be before her first menstrual period, but usually occurs after the onset of her periods. In well-nourished girls, menarche usually takes place around the age of 12 or 13. Most teenage girls don t plan to get pregnant, but many do. Teen pregnancies carry extra health risks to both the motherRead MoreTeenage Pregnancy And Teen Pregnancy1057 Words   |  5 PagesTeenage pregnancy is a common thing here in America. It seems teens are getting pregnant more than the average married couple. There are some risk factors teen moms face and there is also another great turn outs. There is a major difference between the two. It’s important to tell teens the turnouts of teen pregnancy for the good and bad parts. There are risks of having sex, teen moms can make a difference for her and the baby, the risk of having HIV and/or any other STD’s, and the effects on theRead MoreTeenage Pregnancy And Teen Pregnancy1341 Words   |  6 PagesTeenage pregnancy is a prominent dilemma in our nation because it continues to place adolescents into delinquency. According to the United States Health and Human Services, three out of ten American teen girls will become pregnant at least once before they reach the age of twenty. That is nearly 750,000 teen pregnancies in a year (1) (HHS Pg.2 2014). Also according to U.S. Department of State, teen pregnancy budgets the United States and tax payers approximately seven billion dollars annually (2)Read MoreTeenage Pregnancy And Teen Pregnancy1664 Words   |  7 PagesTerrazas English 4 Miss Stahlecker 4 November 2015 Teenage Pregnancy According to, in 2013, a total of 273,105 babies were born to women that were in between the ages of 15-19 years old. Teenage pregnancy is a major concern in today’s society. This paper will talk about teenage pregnancy, statistics, ways to prevent teenage pregnancy, and after birth options. So why is teenage pregnancy so important? Some people are concerned about teens getting pregnant at such an early age. There are otherRead MoreEffects Of Teen Pregnancy On Teens1643 Words   |  7 PagesEvery teen has dream about how they want to graduate from high school and then go to college, but some teens are not willing to take the challenge. Some of these teens want to drop out of high school and other teens want to keep furthering their education. For some there are obstacle that life throw at them to be able to accomplish their goals. Earning an education is challenging enough, but when there is a teen parent trying to finish their education it becomes more difficult than it would beRead MoreThe Effects Of Teen Pregnancy On Teens978 Words   |  4 Pagesare getting younger in age, and the birth rate is rising higher. Mississippi has the highest birth rates in teen pregnancy, and has held this title for the past few years. This problem has had such a rise to fame becau se this is a problem that can be prevented. Parents and communities should take action to help lower the teen pregnancy birth rate in Mississippi. Since the birth rate in teens is so high that means there is more need of government assistance. This becomes such a problem in states because

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Chemistry and Greatness Enfant Cheri free essay sample

â€Å"I wanted Polly for a shrewdly calculated, entirely cerebral reason. I was a freshman in law school. In a few years, I would be out in practice. I was well aware of the right kind of wife in furthering a lawyers career. The successful lawyers I had observed were, almost without exception, married to beautiful, gracious, intelligent women. With one omission, Polly fitted these specifications perfectly†. The narrator is showing anti-women to Polly with this statement. For the narrator he wanted to have a beautiful wife/girlfriend that’s why he tried to make her smart. He is not showing his love for him because he is showing her that beauty and brains is all that matters. Some guys don’t care about the beauty but brain because some guys tend to like some girls who are not beautiful for one purpose only. It is to copy the answers or to have money. We will write a custom essay sample on Chemistry and Greatness Enfant Cheri or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The story does show anti-men also because revolves around a man who believes none can ever measure up to his greatness Enfant Cheri Study Centre, Inc. P1 Upper Doongan, Butuan City Requirement in CHEMISTRY Name: _______________________________________________________Date: __________________ Answer the following questions. 1. The diagram below represents three elements in Group 13 and three elements in Period 3 and their relative positions on the Periodic Table. a. Identify the element from the diagram that will react with chlorine to form a compound with the general formula XCl4. _______________________________________________________________ b. Consider the Period 3 elements in the diagram in order of increasing atomic number. State the trend in electronegativity for these elements. ________________________________________________________________ c. Identify one element from the diagram that will combine with phosphorus in the same ratio of atoms as the ratio in aluminum phosphide. _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Baking soda, NaHCO3, can be commercially produced during a series of chemical reactions called the Solvay process. In this process, NH3(aq), NaCl(aq), and other chemicals are used to produce NaHCO3 (s) and NH4Cl(aq). To reduce production costs, NH3(aq) is recovered from NH4Cl(aq) through a different series of reactions. This series of reactions can be summarized by the overall reaction represented by the unbalanced equation below. NH4Cl(aq) + CaO(s) NH3(aq) + H2O(? ) + CaCl2(aq) a. Write a chemical name for baking soda. _________________________________________________________________________________ b. Determine the percent composition by mass of carbon in baking soda (formula mass = 84 grams per mole). ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. Balance the equation using the smallest whole-number coefficients. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Silver-plated utensils were popular before stainless steel became widely used to make eating utensils. Silver tarnishes when it comes in contact with hydrogen sulfide, H2S, which is found in the air and in some foods. However, stainless steel does not tarnish when it comes in contact with hydrogen sulfide. a. Draw a Lewis electron-dot diagram for the compound that tarnishes silver.

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Tragedy Of Hamlet Essay Example For Students

The Tragedy Of Hamlet Essay In Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the death of a character becomes afrequent event. Although many people lose their lives as a result of theirown self-centered wrong-doing, there are others whose deaths are a resultof manipulation from the royalty. This is the case of Polonius family. The real tragedy of Hamlet is not that of Hamlet or his family but ofPolonius family because their deaths were not the consequence of sinfulactions of their own but rather by their innocent involvement in theschemes of Claudius and Hamlet. The first character to die in Hamlet is Polonius. Although Poloniusoften acts in a deceitful manner when dealing with Hamlet, it is onlybecause he is carrying out plans devised by the king or queen to discoverthe nature of Hamlets madness. Being the kings Lord Chamberlain, it ishis duty to obey the king and queens wishes and it is this loyalty thateventually proves to be fatal for him. An example of how Poloniusinnocent involvement with the royalty results in his death can be found atthe beginning of Act III, scene iv, when Hamlet stabs him while he ishiding behind the arras in Gertrudes room. This shows how Polonius, a manunaware of the true nature of the situation he is in, is killed by a memberof the royalty during the execution of one of their schemes. This makesPolonius death a tragedy. We will write a custom essay on The Tragedy Of Hamlet specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The next member of Polonius family to die is his daughter Ophelia. Ophelias death is tragic because of her complete innocence in thesituation. Some may argue that Polonius deserves his fate because of hisdeceitfulness in dealing with Hamlet while he is mad, but Ophelia isentirely manipulated and used by Hamlet and the king for their own selfishreasons. An example of how Ophelia is used by Hamlet takes place in ActII, scene i, when Hamlet uses her to convince his family he is mad. Opheliaexplains to Polonius how Hamlet has scared her, causing Polonius to drawthe conclusion that Hamlet has an antic disposition. Although this issubject to interpretation and many believe that this is simply Hamlettaking one last look at Ophelia before he becomes engaged in his plan tokill Claudius, the fact that he scares her and does not try to alleviatethese fears points to the conclusion that he is simply using her to helpword of his madness spread throughout the kingdom via Polonius. In ActIII, scene iv, Hamlet kills Polonius while he is hiding behind the arras inth e Queens room. This event causes Ophelia to become insane and leads toher eventual death in a river near the castle in Act IV, scene vii. It canbe seen how the combined scheming of Hamlet and Claudius concludes in herdeath. Claudius scheme brings about Hamlets scheme which brings aboutthe death of Polonius which leads to Ophelias death. The passing ofOphelia is a tragedy because she does nothing deserving of death, she ismerely used for other peoples personal gain. The last member of Polonius family to die is Laertes, Opheliasbrother and Polonius son. Laertes death is tragic because, although hekills Hamlet, he is avenging his fathers death, an act, with reference tothe moral climate of the 1600s, that would have been condoned by the peoplewho saw the play. The difference between Hamlet and Laertes is that Laertesdoes not use others to attain his goals and his revenge is in part due tothe pressure put on him by Claudius. This makes Laertes murder of Hamletexcusable and his death a tragedy. An example of how Claudius uses Laertesto try and murder Hamlet is seen in Act IV, scene vii, lines 108 to 110. .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .postImageUrl , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:hover , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:visited , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:active { border:0!important; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:active , .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697 .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc913fcc9493ccb40969ce993353c2697:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Symbolism In A Rose For Emily EssayClaudius and Laertes are discussing Hamlet when Claudius says:Laertes, was your father dear to you? Or are you like the painting ofa sorrow, A face without a heart?He is asking Laertes whether he is really sorry about his fathers death orif he is just acting mournful without feeling mournful. Claudius usesthese lines to lead Laertes into a plan to kill Hamlet, asking him what hewill do to prove his love for his father in Act IV, scene vii, lines 124 to126. Hamlet comes back; what would you undertake To show yourself in deedyour fathers son More than in words?It can be easily seen how Laertes, influenced