Sunday, May 24, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 890 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/02/20 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: To Kill a Mockingbird Essay Did you like this example? School can become a little overrated when it comes to real life issues and real-life lessons. In To A Mockingbird, it really shows that you learn more important life lessons outside of school. In this story, she learned that you shouldnt let rumors control you, that sometimes you have to suck it up and just deal with a problem and to look in others perspective. Rumors are a big problem in everyday life but specifically, in this story, it is a big part. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Rumors Problems in To Kill a Mockingbird" essay for you Create order On page 163 Jem saysÃ¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s just his way,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They say he never got over his weddinÃ¢â¬Ë. He was supposed to marry one of theÃ¢â¬âthe Spencer ladies, I think. They were gonna have a huge weddinÃ¢â¬â¢, but they didnÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬âafter the rehearsal, the bride went upstairs and blew her head off. Shotgun. She pulled the trigger with her toes.Ã¢â¬ . This is important because it puts a negative image on Mr. Raymond and tries to make him look either depressed, crazy, or both. The second example is on page 204 when Mr. Raymond talks about how its just soda, Ã¢â¬Å"Yes maÃ¢â¬â¢am,Ã¢â¬ Mr. Raymond nodded. I liked his smell: it was of leather, horses, cottonseed. He wore the only English riding boots I had ever seen. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s all I drink, most of the time.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then you just pretend youÃ¢â¬â¢re halfÃ¢â¬â? I beg your pardon, sir,Ã¢â¬ I caught myself. Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to beÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬ . This is important because it shows how everyone negative perception makes him have to look like he is drinking so they wont bother him. Finally on page 8 through 12 scout talks about what she heard about Boo Radley and how everyone is afraid of him. At the end of the story, it basically shows that it was all a hoax and that actually he is a really good person that doesnt deserve any of that. Rumors are what this story starts with and what it will eventually end with. The next reason is a lesson she mainly learned from her father which is sometimes you have to suck it up and things that others wont. The first example of this is when Mrs. Maudie tells Jem on page 219 Ã¢â¬Å"I simply want to tell you that there are some men in this world who were born to do our unpleasant jobs for us. Your fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s one of themÃ¢â¬ . In this quote, it shows how Atticus had to take on a job that he knew he wasnt going to win. On page 219 Mrs. Maudie tells Jem and Scout Ã¢â¬Å"His colored friends for one thing and people like us. People like Judge Taylor. People like Mr. Heck Tate. Stop eating and start thinking Jem. Did it ever strike you that Judge Taylor naming Atticus to defend that boy was no accident? That Judge Taylor might have had his reasons for naming him?Ã¢â¬ . That shows how Atticus was given this job because he was the fittest for the job and that he has support to back him up even though everyone knew he was going to lose. The last example is on page 216 when Atticus talks about the case Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know, but they did it. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve done it before and they did it tonight and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll do it again and when they do itÃ¢â¬âseems that only children weep. GoodnightÃ¢â¬ . This shows how even Atticus knew what was destined to happen and what will happen after that for time to come. The main thing Scout learns in this is to have a better perspective on things. On page 159 Atticus talks about how they made Walter go into there shoes Ã¢â¬Å"your children last night made Walter Cunningham stand in my shoes for a minute. That was enoughÃ¢â¬ . This was important because gave her a glimpse of how someone could be in her shoes for a problem. Another example of time was on page 222 when Atticus told Jem about Bob Ewell spitting in his face, Ã¢â¬Å"Jem, see if you can stand in Bob EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes a minute. I destroyed his last shred of credibility at that trial if he had any, to begin with. The man had to have some kind of comeback, his kind always does. So if spitting in my face and threatening me saved Mayella Ewell one extra beating, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s something IÃ¢â¬â¢ll gladly takeÃ¢â¬ . This example not only teaches her about being in someone elses shoes but also shows how to be selfless. The final example which actually shows that she learned the lesson on p age 283 and she said Ã¢â¬Å"Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enoughÃ¢â¬ . This shows how Atticus taught her a lesson that is brought up a bunch in the story. You learn a lot in school but most of the time you learn the most valuable things outside of school and this story is no exception. She learned that you shouldnt let rumors control you, that sometimes you have to suck it up and just deal with a problem and to look in others perspective. You can be really book smart but the most important kind of smart is street smart because of your only school for so long.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Can anyone possibly deny the spirituality within the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet? Yes, some literary critics do. But most critics agree with the contention of this paper Ã¢â¬â that there is considerable spirituality present in the play. In his essay Ã¢â¬Å"Hamlet: His Own Falstaff,Ã¢â¬ Harold Goddard sees that Hamlet was made for Ã¢â¬Å"religionÃ¢â¬ and several other purposes: He [Hamlet] was made, that is, for religion and philosophy, for love and art, for liberty to Ã¢â¬Å"grow unto himselfÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â five forces that are the elemental enemies of Force. And this man is called upon to kill. It is almost as if Jesus had been asked to play the role of Napoleon (as the temptation in the wilderness suggests that in some sense he was). If Jesus had been,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(40) In his Introduction to Modern Critical Interpretations: Hamlet, Harold Bloom finds the Bible in this drama: Horatio, then, represents by way of our positive association with him; it is a commonplace, but not less true for that, to say that Hamlet represents by negation. I think this negation is Biblical in origin, which is why it seems so Freudian to us, because Freudian negation is Biblical and not Hegelian, as it were. Hamlet is Biblical rather than Homeric or Sophoclean. Like the Hebrew hero confronting Yahweh, Hamlet needs to be everything in himself yet knows the sense in which he is nothing in himself. (5) The first soliloquy, or Ã¢â¬Å"act of talking to oneself, whether silently or aloudÃ¢â¬ (Abrams 289), occurs when the hero is left alone after the royal social gathering in the room of state in the castle of Elsinore. He is dejected by the Ã¢â¬Å"oÃ¢â¬â¢erhasty marriageÃ¢â¬ of his mother to his uncle less than two months after the funeral of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father (Gordon 128). His first soliloquy emphasizes two religious/moral themes: the corruption of the world at large, and the frailty of women Ã¢â¬â an obvious reference to his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s hasty and incestuous marriage to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s brother: O, that this tooShow MoreRelatedEssay about Hidden Spirituality in Shakespeares Hamlet2169 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe author of this essay, the obvious presence of considerable spirituality within the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet. The purpose of this paper is to identify and elaborate on selected spiritual elements in the play. Not all critics appreciate the spirituality in Hamlet. A.C. BradleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth presents a different interpretation regarding the presence of spirituality within the play: For although this or that dramatis personaRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Hamlet Essay751 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Hamlet Hamlet might well claim to be Shakespeares most famous play because of its language and the charm of its central character. Shakespeare wrote some thirty-eight plays. Taken individuallyRead MoreLiterary Criticisms of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet Essay1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages This essay will discuss several literary criticisms of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet. After skimming through several articles, I ended up with four peer-reviewed journal articles, each a different critical perspectives of the play: feminist, psychoanalytical/freudian, moral, and new historicism. My previous studies of Hamlet, as well as my rereading of the play this semester, has collectively given me a general knowledge of the text. My familiarity of the play made it easier for me to decipherRead MoreEssay about Indecisiveness in Hamlet839 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeares Hamlet is truly a great play to analyze. It is also unique in that a play based on revenge we dont see any action until the end. Hamlet has immediate suspicion and proof of his fathers murder and does not act. This poses the question, why does it take so long for Hamlet to kill Claudius? H amlets apparent indecisiveness to act is due to his constant habit of over thinking in addition to several conscious and subconscious distractions. Immediately following Hamlets conversationRead MoreHamlet, By William Shakespeare1470 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHamlet was composed by William Shakespeare, first performed in July 1602 and first published in printed form in 1603. An inherent tension between confrontation and resolution is revealed through HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s characterisation within ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play. It is evident that there is a significant level of internal confliction that contributes to the amount of tension. Conflicted emotions, in relation to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s morals and beliefs, cause a distinct increase in tension, yet recognition of ones human natureRead MoreWhat Does T.S. EliotÃ¢â¬â¢s the Waste Land Tell Us About Ã¢â¬ËModern SpacesÃ¢â¬â¢?1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesany logical sense because of the abstract elements that help make up the overall style of the structure. Intertextuality is evident in the poem because it references other poets, although there is a sense of critique in some of these indicati ons. Spirituality is evident in the poem too because of the aftermath of the World War, which is the main reason for Ã¢â¬Ëthe wasted landÃ¢â¬â¢. Industrialism brought out critique from Elliot because it involved decimating peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s livelihood through their connections withRead MoreRevenge In Hamlet Analysis988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMurder, incest, revenge! This is ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet. If lovers of literature are asked to make a list of some of the greatest works of literature, undoubtedly, Hamlet would be near the top. Hamlet, an intriguing and complicated character, has been studied by lovers of literature and psychologists alike. It is an interesting examination of human behavior. To set the scene, prince HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father has been slyly murdered by his uncle. His fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s apparent ghost comes to him and asks him to avengeRead MoreEssay on Hamlet -- Spirituality1865 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHamlet -- SpiritualityÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Does the Shakespearean drama Hamlet represent a strictly secular writing, or does it veer into the spiritual dimension from time to time? This essay will delve into the spiritual side of the play. Ã InÃ Ã¢â¬Å"Judgment in HamletÃ¢â¬ Gunnar Boklund discusses the spiritual dimension of the ghost of King Hamlet: Ã Ã It is a commonplace to refer to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"dilemmaÃ¢â¬ and a critical problem to explain in what this dilemma consists. A natural way to come to termsRead MoreThe Spiritual Dimension of Hamlet Essay2181 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIs there a religious dimension to the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet? Yes indeed. And many literary critics attest to this. This religious dimension will be the subject of the present essay. In his Introduction to Modern Critical Interpretations: Hamlet, Harold Bloom finds the Bible in this drama: Horatio, then, represents by way of our positive association with him; it is a commonplace, but not less true for that, to say that Hamlet represents by negation. I think this negation is Biblical inRead MoreThe Death Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay2134 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesin return for a wrong; returning evil for evil, vengeanceÃ¢â¬ (Webster Dictionary). This play introduces Hamlet, a prince who goes on the quest to take revenge on his uncle who killed his father and Hamlet wonÃ¢â¬â¢t rest on until he gives his uncle the punishment for killing the king. But this quest for him to get his revenges has some consequences that could lead to many deaths including himself. Hamlet thirst for revenge clouds his judgements, which leads to drastic consequences. The feeling of revenge
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Innate Ideas Throughout the passage of time, philosophers have written and discussed many topics in philosophy. Sometimes, these philosophers agree on ideas or sometimes they make their own assumptions. There are two philosophers who had different ideas concerning where innate ideas come from and how we get these types of ideas. Rene Descartes and John Locke were these two philosophers with the opposing argument on innate ideas. The place where Descartes discusses his views were in the Meditations on First Philosophy and Lockes argument is located in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. By using these sources I will be able to describe the difference between these two arguments on innate ideas. Rene Descartes was aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He specifically says he didnt draw it from his senses. He didnt make the idea of God he says the idea was imprinted on him. He makes the conclusion by stating, Thus the only option remaining is that this idea is innate in me just as the idea of myself is innate in me. God imprints the innate idea of Him on us at birth and that is why we know of God. An example of this is how a craftsman imprints his signature on his work. Descartes says he gets innate ideas from God because God instills the idea of himself onto us, which is an innate idea. The next argument on innate ideas comes from John Locke. He was a British Empiricist who believed in Imperialism. Imperialism means what is available to the senses. Lockes ideas come from the furniture of the mind-you dont come to earth with an idea; you are a blank tablet ready to absorb any idea that comes your way. Locke believes that ideas come from the senses. He states that you will see the world how it is unless something is wrong with your senses. The way you know the world is from your senses. He says in his argument that principles and ideas are not innate. As you live on the earth you get ideas through life experiences. If people believe that innate ideas exist, tha t must mean that there are innate ideas. Locke says there are two candidates for innate ideas: the law of identity (A=A) and the law of non-contradiction which means a thing is A or itShow MoreRelatedInnate Ideas Essay1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestruth, Descartes used only his logic to identify his existence. He also proved that there is some type of knowledge that we are born with. Ã¢â¬Å"Some of our ideas seem to be Ã¢â¬Å"born with me,Ã¢â¬ some Ã¢â¬Å"inventedÃ¢â¬ by me, whereas others Ã¢â¬Å"come from withoutÃ¢â¬ (Descartes, 2008, p. 211). Which means Descartes believed that we enter this world with some innate ideas that overtime helps us to develop understanding of our sense (invented by me) and through our experiences (comes from without). Descartes was a dualist;Read More Plato and Lockes Views on an Innate Idea Essay2118 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPlato and Lockes Views on an Innate Idea Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã What is an innate idea?Ã This can be defined as some idea or mental representation that is produced by outside perception or created anew by our imagination. It exists in the mind in virtue of the nature of the human mind.Ã According to Plato most if not all of our knowledge is innate. However, John Locke feels that we do not have any innate ideas.Ã Then the question arises of who is right or are they both wrongRead MoreThe Existence Of Innate Ideas1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe late 17th century. In Book 1 of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, he presents many ideas of knowledge and its origins. He rejects the existence of innate ideas and proves his beliefs with many arguments, one being that Ã¢â¬Å"universal consent proves nothing innateÃ¢â¬ (Locke 630). Another argument is that children and idiots do not have this knowledge imprinted on their minds, which must prove innate knowledge to be nonexistent. I disagree with Locke because I believe we all have immortal soulsRead MorePlato, Locke, And The Question Of Innate Ideas1829 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPlato, Locke and the Question of Innate Ideas Plato and Locke have opposite opinions on the matter of innate ideas. Plato argues that the recognition of truth in reality is derived from the recollection of truth in the soul. A necessary part of Platos argument is that recollection of Truth depends upon the existence of an immortal soul. Locke, on the other hand, rejects Platos argument by stating that the recognition of truth is not dependent on recollection but is rather self-evidentRead MoreLeibniz And Locke s Nature Of Innate Ideas1827 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesargued back and forth about the nature of innate ideas and whether or not they could/do exist. Locke took the position that in order for innate ideas to exist, they must be universal and universally assented to by all people. Leibniz counters by distinguishing between contingent and necessary truths, pointing out that no amount of experience will give us insight to necessary truths and that they must be innate. He also brings up the example of innate moral knowledge th at most people know withoutRead MorePhilosophy: Do We Have Innate Ideas? Essay1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDo we have innate ideas? Offer your view with reference to the work of Descartes and Locke I understand the concept of innate ideas alone means ideas that presents our mind at birth. Descartes and Locke both have their own views about innate ideas and their arguments are completely different to each other and the question remain to the human knowledge. Do innate ideas really exist? Descartes does not put experiences to his philosophy like the other philosophers, Bacon and Hobbes. He believes thatRead More Measure for Measure Essay: Immorality and Corruption1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdemonstrates that there is an innate immorality and corruption in the heart of man. Shakespeare illustrates that power does not cause corruption.Ã This is achieved by presenting the Duke, who has the most power in Vienna, as a moral hero, and conversely revealing the corruption of the powerless class through characters including Pompey, Mistress Overdone, and Barnadine.Ã Through all this, Shakespeare uses Lord Angelo in Measure for Measure to show that immorality and corruption is innate in mankind. ItRead More Measure for Measure Essay: Lord Angelos Hypocrisy1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmankinds corruption is not necessarily born by power, but rather already innate in humanity. Shakespeare argues that power is not a producer of corruption by presenting the Duke, who holds the most power, as a moral hero, and conversely revealing the corruption of the powerless class (through characters like, Pompey, Mistress Overdone, and Barnadine).Ã Shakespeare uses Lord Angelo in Measure for Measure to show that corruption is innate within mankind whilst Angelo is a symbolism for pharisaical fanaticismRead MoreThe Summary of and Response to Ã¢â¬Å"the Trouble with TalentÃ¢â¬ by Kathy Seal911 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe Japanese kids still kept on their work. Stigler stated that Asian education focused to the hard work which they believed that is one of the important factors to gain successful things. Whereas, Americans thought that achievement was produced by innate intelligence. Moreover, Stigler researched the math-test scores between American and Asian schools and realized that the scores of Asian school were higher than the scores of American schools as a result of working hard. Also, Seal asserted AmericanRead MoreContemporary Civilizations : An Essential Part Of An Individual s Highest Level Of Achievement1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslevel of achievement is primarily influenced by their internal nature and only secondarily reinforced by external circumstances. TeresaÃ¢â¬â¢s argument contradicts this idea. Since the purpose of this course is to discuss texts reexamine the values on which we establish our communities, it is crucial to incorporate these contradicting ideas within a shared conversation. Teresa de CartagenaÃ¢â¬â¢s writings are an essential part of the Contemporary Civilizations curriculum because she contradicts her predecessors
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Write an essay on citations and references do not count towards the word limit, but quotations do.Analyse the article/case study from the perspective of at least two different classical ethical theories, one of which must be that of "Just Consequentialism". Present well reasoned arguments for your assessments and recommendations.Write an overall conclusion that justifies your recommendations made in your essay.Include a Reference list at the end of your work, in the correct APA referencing style, corresponding to in-text citations. Answer: Scenario - Amin Sthapit has been murdered by Roy Abanales Tabalbag in Sydney Australia (Begley 2015). The motive of this murder is that Roy AbanalesTabalbag found her former girlfriend having sex with Amin Sthapit at the time of his absence which is completely illegal. Since few months, Roy AbanalesTabalbag was suspecting that her girlfriend is involved with someone else (Begley 2015). He was tracking her girlfriends phone from last few months. Her girlfriend, Geecy Rebucas cancelled her cooking school lecture and called Amin Sthapit while his boyfriend was not present (Begley 2015). Then he came at the flat and caught her girlfriend cheating on him. Therefore, He lost his self control and murdered Amin Sthapit with the chefs knife (Begley 2015). Stakeholders As a result of this incident, three people have been mainly affected. These three people are Amin Sthapit who have been killed, the murderer, Roy AbanalesTabalbag and Geecy Rebucas who was caught by Tabalbag while having sex with Amin (Begley 2015). Ethical Issues All of the stakeholders have done several ethical issues. These are as follows, First of all, Geecy Rebucas, former girlfriend of Roy AbanalesTabalbag has cheated on her boyfriend, with whom she was in a relationship for 4 years. She hide the fact from her that boyfriend she was involved with another guy named Amin Sthapit (Begley 2015). On the other hand, the Amin Sthapit also made an ethical issue or a wrongdoing by keeping an illegal relationship with someone elses girlfriend (Begley 2015). Roy AbanalesTabalbag murdered Amin Sthapit by losing his self-control which is a non-ethical issue. Non-ethical Issues the murder done by Roy AbanalesTabalbag should not be regarded as unethical as the most unethical incident has been occurred with him. As a result of which, he lost his self control and murdered Amin (Begley 2015). Consequences Three of the stakeholders of this scenario may face several consequences. The murderer, Roy AbanalesTabalbag would be penalized due to the crime like murder. As a consequence of the non-ethical issue made by Amin Sthaper, he was killed by Roy AbanalesTabalbag. As a consequence of the non-ethical issue made by Geecy Rebucas, he lost her boyfriend and she has become alone (Begley 2015). Ethical Analysis Consequentialism It is the class of the normative ethical theories those hold the fact that the consequences of the conduct of an individual are the actual basis for any judgement regarding the wrongness or rightness of that conduct. As per the theory of Consequentialism, the judgement would go against the murderer, Roy AbanalesTabalbag as he has done the major crime (Scheffler and Scheffler 2014). He murdered Amin which is actually considered as the biggest crime (Carlson 2013). However, judgement can be made in a sympathetic way. On the other hand, Amin has lost his life therefore; justice should be made with respect to this particular theory (Aguilar, Brussino and Fernndez-Dols 2013). However, according to the theory, Geecy Rebucas would not be penalized as she did not make any direct crime. However, she was involved in a serious unethical activity (Berker 2013). Just Consequentialism this particular theory mainly emphasizes the consequences or the issues obtained due to the policies within the justice constraints (Brand 2013). The fact of this theory can be reflected in this scenario (Peterson 2013). Therefore, it must be said that along with Roy AbanalesTabalbag, the former girlfriend Geecy Rebucas should also be penalized as she has also done a crime by breaking trust of Roy AbanalesTabalbag (Levy 2014). Thus, this judgment should be made based on the moral aspect. Options First of all, Geecy Rebucas should not break the trust of her boyfriend, Roy AbanalesTabalbag. Amin Sthapit should not come between the couple as he knows that both of them are in a serious relationship. Geecy Rebucas should not hide her feelings about someone else to her boyfriend. Most importantly, Roy AbanalesTabalbag should not do that crime of murdering Amin. Roy AbanalesTabalbag can go with the legal procedure. Conclusion After the entire analysis as well as discussion made in this discussion, it can be said that people have to be very careful about the ethical as well as the unethical aspects of any activity made by them. According to both of the theories such as Consequentialism as well as Just Consequentialism, all of the suggestions should be accomplished by Roy AbanalesTabalbag, Geecy Rebucas and Amin Sthapit. All of these recommendations could be proven as very much effective for three of them. This is because, if three of them would follow these recommendations therefore, such crime like murder would not be taken place. However, people should learn some crucial leanings from the outcome of such critical scenario. People should do everything in an ethical way. The unethical activities always results in several troubles to the people who actually accepts the unethical activities. People should also remember that if any unethical activity is taken place by someone thus, then he or she should alway s be ready to face the penalty as a result of that wrongdoing made by him or her. Reference List Aguilar, P., Brussino, S. and Fernndez-Dols, J.M., 2013. Psychological distance increases uncompromising consequentialism.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,49(3), pp.449-452 Begley, P. 2015.Amin Sthapit murder trial: accused Roy Tabalbag 'provoked' into killing girlfriend Geecy Rebucas's lover. [online] The Sydney Morning Herald. Available at: https://www.smh.com.au/nsw/amin-sthapit-murder-trial-accused-roy-tabalbag-provoked-into-killing-girlfriend-geecy-rebucass-lover-20150601-ghdzge [Accessed 30 May 2016]. Berker, S., 2013. The rejection of epistemic consequentialism.Philosophical Issues,23(1), pp.363-387. Brand, J., 2013. Beyond Consequentialism.Philosophical Review,122(4), pp.657-661. Carlson, E., 2013.Consequentialism reconsidered(Vol. 20). Springer Science Business Media Levy, S., 2014. The Failure of Hookers Argument for Rule Consequentialism.Journal of Moral Philosophy,11(5), pp.598-614. Peterson, M., 2013.The dimensions of consequentialism: Ethics, equality and risk. Cambridge University Press. Scheffler, S. and Scheffler, S., 2014.Rejection of Consequentialism. Oxford.
Saturday, April 4, 2020
Should America Protect Industries From Foreign Cometition Should America Protect Industries from Foreign Competition Many politicians oppose free international trade, trade without any restrictions, for a couple of reasons. From their point of view it would affect the United States in a couple of ways: 1. Many USA workers would lose their jobs because factories would be moved to the country with whom the U.S. has a Free Trade Agreement, and where working force is much cheaper. 2. Importing foreign goods and services without tariff into the United States makes it harder for domestic industries to compete with lower prices and better quality of foreign competition. 3. Some politicians feel that it is not the right decision to have open trade with countries where the workforce is forced to work and where prisoners are used as workers. Because of these reasons, politicians who oppose Free Trade, feel that the U.S. should have some kind of restrictions, such as protective tariffs, import quotas, non tariff barriers, and/or export subsidies. However, some politicians and economists feel differently. They say that if some country would raise its barriers in order to reduce imports and stimulate production, the country whose exports suffer may raise its barriers, too. This would cause a trade war. The trade war would effect every nation in lower output, income, and employment; example is the Smooth-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930. The United States is enjoying its second longest period of sustained economic expansion with real GDP growth averaging over 2.8% during the years 1992-96 and accelerating to 3.9% in 1997-98. The United States strong economic performance is due in part by trade and investment liberalization resulting from the Uruguay Agreement and the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The openness and freedom of the economy has contributed to improving the competitiveness of the U.S. producers, creating more and better paid jobs, which in turn raised labor standards and reduced poverty. At the end of 1998 the unemployment rate fell to 4.5% and consumer price inflation to 1.6%, which is the lowest level since the 1960. This outstanding macroeconomic performance has been greatly followed by a large and growing current account deficit, which in 1998 reached a record level of $223 billion (2.7% of GDP). The trade deficit has enabled the U.S. economy to keep up with its strong rate of growth. Open economy brings imports, which are often at a lower price, and they help to satisfy domestic demand. They have also contributed to lower domestic prices and wider choice for the U.S. consumers. The U.S. producers have benefited from lower costs and wider choice of input, too. It increased their competitiveness, resulting in more jobs and higher wages. Imports have helped with inflation pressure that might otherwise have emerged as a result of the very strong growth of domestic demand and low unemployment rate, thereby supporting low market interest rates. An additional source of funds for domestic investment flow from abroad. Foreign investors made up the shortfall of national savings relative to domestic investment. Foreign investment has enabled the U.S. economy to grow faster then would have been the case if it were relied solely on domestic saving. Foreign investments have also contributed to the recent market improvement in labor productivity. As a result, average living standards in the United States, as measured by per capita GNP, are at $28,740, among the highest in the world. Countries that remain closed, remain poorer, underdeveloped, cut off from the world of rights and freedom. This poverty, not trade, is the main cause of bad working conditions, and it must be met by expanding commerce, not imposing sanctions. If the U.S. wants to help those nations where working conditions are poor, the U.S. should open more to them. A perfect example is China. Some politicians, as I said in the beginning, oppose trade with China because of workers conditions, not realizing that it is due to keeping them closed. When the federal government closes U.S. markets to countries with governments that deny their citizens certain civil rights, it robs those citizens of one more freedom and closes the market that is the best instrument for creating wealth and preserving freedom. In conclusion I would like to say
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Animal Testing Essay PAGE 2Rabbits Do Not Wear MascaraHave you ever considered the shampoo you use may have caused thousands of animals to die? What if one day you were taken out of your home and sent to a lab to be put in a cage that barely has enough room for you to sit or stand? What if the lab you were sent to has scientists who spoke only dialect and did not understand you when you screamed that the bleach in your eyes burned and you could not see? When you are screaming in pain consistently because the pain is unbearable can you image being beat because you are annoying the scientists that are examining you. Did innocent humans die to ensure you that consuming your household cleaner will cause immense pain and damage to your organs, humans did not but animals did and continue to be killed for our assurance.Animal,Porkey Pig, Lobund-WistarAnimal testing can be traced back to as early as the ancient Greek and Roman times ("History of Animal Testing"); the first major reference to animal testing was in the late nineteenth century when Louis Pasteur gave some sheep anthrax to show the importance of vaccines with his germ theory. ("Better Science Limitation of Animal Testing") Through animal testing many species of animals have been subjected to various and harmful subjects that have been proven to be detrimental to both their physical and mental health. Throughout the years most animals have gained some rights but they are still used and abused for many different experiments. In animal testing labs species such as mice, rats and birds still have no rights and are not accounted for. ("11 Facts about Animal Testing") It is estimated that approximately seventy million animals are used for testing annually in the name of...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Best practices in health and safety communication - Essay Example This manual addresses the following topics which are outlined below. The information seen on the web page indicates that the best practices manual is Ã¢â¬Å"not a standard or regulation and it creates no legal obligation.Ã¢â¬ It is basically advisory in nature. The web page indicates that the Occupational Safety and Health act as enforced by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OHSA) or an OSHA-approved State Plan requires that employers are in compliance with safety and health standards that are hazard specific. It also requires that the employer provides safe working environment that are free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical injury. Employers can be treated as violating or disregarding their general duties if any recognized hazards exist and the necessary steps are not taken to address them. Information on the web page further indicates that failure to implement any of the guidelines in the Act is not in itself a violation of the Ã¢â¬Å"General Duty ClauseÃ¢â¬ . The web page indicates that there is a Metalworking Fluids Standard Advisory Committee (MWFSAC) which appears to be part of OSHA.